In view of her long and great history it is too from time to time recollected that Greece as a modern state is under two centuries old. In spite of the fact that by the second Treaty of London in 1830 the Powers had supported the making of the new Greek State, it was not in certainty until the marking of the Treaty of Constantinople of 31st July 1832, by which the Sublime Porte recognized Greece as a sovereign express, that full autonomy was accomplished.
The fantasy of national freedom had finally been acknowledged, yet it was a totally depleted and bankrupt express, a nation of untilled fields, wore out towns and attacked towns, lacking both common and legal organization. It was in these conditions that Great Britain, France and Russia made Greece a credit of 60,000,000 gold francs to meet the nation’s quick needs.
Not the minimum of the numerous earnest issues that must be explained was the foundation of a future seat of government. Notwithstanding Nauplion, then the temporary capital, the towns of Aegina, Patras, Corinth, Missolonghi, Syros, Argos and Megara all secured the respect of being picked as the perpetual capital of the nation. Athens was the undeniable decision, yet Turkish troops were still possessing the Acropolis. Whenever, however, the Turkish battalion emptied the Acropolis right on time in 1833, the decision of a capital was no longer an issue; Athens was gravely announced the capital city of the kingdom on eighteenth September 1834.
By the end of the War of Independence Athens had practically stopped to exist. Visit bombardments joined with about four centuries of occupation had lessened the most prestigious city of classical times to minimal more than a huge town comprising of three hundred or so mean homes bunched for the larger part at the foot of the Acropolis on its northern side. There experienced most of the once prosperous populace, now decreased to 5,000 souls, in miserable neediness in the confined and winding lanes.
Such articulate devastation offered the town-organizer the one of a kind chance of building a completely new city, and Edward Schaubert (1804-68) of Breslau and his deep rooted companion and kindred engineer Stamatis Cleanthes (1802-62) of Velvendos in Macedonia were dispatched to get ready arrangements.
The arrangement they submitted depended on a triangle, Odhos Stadiou and Odhos Peiraeos framing the sides and Odhos Ermou the base. Odhos Stadiou was to be drawn out past the triangle to the Panathenaic Stadium, while Odhos Peiraeos – as its name infers – was to interface the capital with the vital port. Inside this zone wide lanes were anticipated running from north to south and east to west. The summit of the triangle was Plateia Omonias, where Schaubert and Cleanthes proposed to erect the Royal Palace.
Shockingly arrive theory and other private interests beaten the general population great and this arrangement was never executed completely, the numerous alterations being for each situation unfavorable to the city and its future advancement. The vast majority of the anticipated wide lanes were changed into thin roads and the open spaces that had been arranged as open greenery enclosures were worked over with the outcome that most of the lanes of Athens don’t fit in with the necessities of a modern city.
The insufficiencies of modern Athens are soon overlooked in the magnificence of its setting. A sun-soaked city worked around the Acropolis and Mount Lycabettus, it is arranged in the focal plain of Attica, encompassed by immemorial mountains. On the west stands Mount Aegaleo, 468 m.; on the north lofty Mount Parties, 1,411 m.; on the upper east Mount Pentelicon, 1,109 m., well known for its quarries of fine-grained white marble; on the east Mount Hymettus, 1,026 m., in times long past praised similarly for its marble and the unique nectar that is still created by the swarms of honey bees on its fragrant inclines, while toward the south are the memorable islands of Salamis and Aegina.